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Regular version of the site
Russian Sociological Review: Social Order and Art Sources of Imaginations

Edited by: A. F. Filippov, N. Farkhatdinov.

Higher School of Economics, National Research University, 2020.

Georg Simmel and Semyon Frank: from Kant to Lebensphilosophie

Aleksandr Begrambekov.

Russian Sociological Review. 2022. Vol. 21. No. 4. P. 57-81.

Book chapter
The State in the International Legal Order

Alexander Filippov.

In bk.: The Future of the State. NY: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2020. Ch. 2. P. 39-64.

Working paper
Abductive theory of meaning

Shumilina V.

Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2020

Søren Kierkegaard - Subjectivity, Irony and the Crisis of Modernity

Academic Year
Instruction in English
ECTS credits
Delivered by:
School of Philosophy
Elective course
2 year, 1-3 module


Course Syllabus


It is often claimed that relativism, subjectivism and nihilism are typically modern philosophical problems that emerge with the breakdown of traditional values, customs and ways of life. The result is the absence of meaning, the lapse of religious faith, and feeling of alienation that is so widespread in modernity. The Danish thinker Søren Kierkegaard (1813-55) gave one of the most penetrating analyses of this complex phenomenon of modernity. But somewhat surprisingly he seeks insight into it not in any modern thinker but rather in an ancient one, the Greek philosopher Socrates.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • In this course created by former associate professor at the Søren Kierkegaard Research Centre, Jon Stewart, we will explore how Kierkegaard deals with the problems associated with relativism, the lack of meaning and the undermining of religious faith that are typical of modern life. His penetrating analyses are still highly relevant today and have been seen as insightful for the leading figures of Existentialism, Post-Structuralism and Post-Modernism.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • analyzes the idea that Kierkegaard used Socrates as his model
  • analyzes Hegel's influence on young Kierkegaard
  • analyzes Kierkegaard’s understanding of Socrates through Hegel's philosophy
  • analyzes Kierkegaard's concepts of irony and history in comparison with Heiberg's ideas
  • analyzes Kierkegaard’s work "Either/Or" and its critical review by Heiberg
  • analyzes Kierkegaard’s conception of a parallel authorship that features a series of pseudonymous works that run parallel to a series of signed works
  • analyzes the last decade of Kierkegaard’s life and his statement that Socrates was the only model that he used for his work
  • analyzes the second part of The Concept of Irony, compares Møller's concept of irony with Kierkegaard's understanding of Romantic irony
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Course Introduction: The Life and Work of Kierkegaard as a "Socratic Task"
  • Kierkegaard, Martensen and Hegelianism
  • Kierkegaard’s View of Socrates
  • Kierkegaard, Heiberg and History
  • Kierkegaard, Møller and Schlegel
  • The Trip to Berlin and the Beginning of the Authorship
  • The Development of the Pseudonymous Works
  • The 2nd Half of the Authorship and the Attack on the Church
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Test (Course Introduction: The Life and Work of Kierkegaard as a "Socratic Task")
  • non-blocking Test (Kierkegaard, Martensen and Hegelianism)
  • non-blocking Test (Kierkegaard’s View of Socrates)
  • non-blocking Test (Kierkegaard, Heiberg and History)
  • non-blocking Test (Kierkegaard, Møller and Schlegel)
  • non-blocking Test (The Trip to Berlin and the Beginning of the Authorship)
  • non-blocking Test (The Development of the Pseudonymous Works)
  • non-blocking 2 tests (The 2nd Half of the Authorship and the Attack on the Church)
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (3 module)
    0.3 * 2 tests (The 2nd Half of the Authorship and the Attack on the Church) + 0.1 * Test (Course Introduction: The Life and Work of Kierkegaard as a "Socratic Task") + 0.1 * Test (Kierkegaard, Heiberg and History) + 0.1 * Test (Kierkegaard, Martensen and Hegelianism) + 0.1 * Test (Kierkegaard, Møller and Schlegel) + 0.1 * Test (Kierkegaard’s View of Socrates) + 0.1 * Test (The Development of the Pseudonymous Works) + 0.1 * Test (The Trip to Berlin and the Beginning of the Authorship)


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Bhaskar, R. (2015). From East To West : Odyssey of a Soul (Vol. Second edition). London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1067672
  • Gregor, B. (2015). John Lippitt and George Pattison, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Kierkegaard. Reviewed by. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.8141601B
  • Kierkegaard, S. (2012). Fear and Trembling. [Lanham]: Start Publishing LLC. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=706235
  • Kierkegaard, S., & Lowrie, W. (2013). Fear and Trembling and The Sickness Unto Death. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=529472
  • Richardson, T., Hendrix, H., & Stelling, L. (2012). The Turn of the Soul : Representations of Religious Conversion in Early Modern Art and Literature. Leiden: Brill. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=429973

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Заключительное ненаучное послесловие к "Философским крохам" : мимически-патетически-диалектическая компиляция, экзистенциальный вклад Йоханнеса Климакуса, Кьеркегор, С., 2012